Brian O'Connor   UBCO Psychology   UBCO  

SPSS, SAS, and MATLAB Programs for Addressing Interdependence and

Basic Levels-of-Analysis Issues in Psychological Data

Reference:

O'Connor, B. P. (2004). SPSS and SAS programs for addressing interdependence and basic levels-of-analysis issues in psychological data. Behavior Research Methods, Instrumentation, and Computers, 36, 17-28.


Levels-of-analysis issues arise whenever individual-level data are collected from more than person from the same dyad, family, classroom, work group, or other interaction unit. Interdependence in data from individuals in the same interaction units also violates the independence of observations assumption that underlies commonly-used statistical tests. This article describes the data analysis challenges that are presented by these issues, and presents SPSS and SAS programs for conducting appropriate analyses. The programs conduct the Within-And-Between-Analyses (WABA) described by Dansereau, Alutto, and Yammarino (1984), Yammarino (1998), and Schriesheim (1995), and the dyad-level analyses described by Gonzalez and Griffin (1999) and Griffin and Gonzalez (1995). Contrasts with general multilevel modeling procedures are then discussed.


SAS:

SPSS:

MATLAB:

ggdist.sas ggdist.sps ggdist.zip
Correlational Analysis of Dyad-Level Data in the Distinguishable-Case

ggexch.sas ggexch.sps ggexch.zip
Correlational Analyses of Dyad-Level Data in the Exchangeable-Case

waba.sas waba.sps waba.zip


WABA - Within And Between Groups Analysis

wabamra.sas

wabamra.sps

wabamra.zip



WABA - Multiple Relationship Analysis

 

wabamodreg.sas

wabamodreg.sps

wabamodreg.zip



WABA - Moderated Regression Analysis

 


R:

an R package named "WABA" that runs these analyses

to install and use,

place the dowloaded archive (WABA_1.0.tar.gz) in your Working Directory;

then run the following commands:

install.packages("WABA_1.0.tar.gz", repos=NULL, type="source")

library(WABA)

the Reference manual for the WABA package

Brian P. O'Connor
Department of Psychology
University of British Columbia - Okanagan
Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada
brian.oconnor@ubc.ca